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References: Orang Asli bibliography 2001 (37): Health Lie-Injo to Muul

Updated: Aug 28, 2023

From: Lye Tuck-Po, ed. 2001. Orang Asli of Peninsular Malaysia: A Comprehensive and Annotated Bibliography, CSEAS Research Report Series No. 88. Kyoto: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University.References 1159–1203


Health, biomedicine, genetics

Unless otherwise noted, all commentaries in this section are by Adela Baer. For more detailed notation on particular studies and findings, see #Baer #85.

1021. LIE-INJO, L[uang] E[ng]. 1965. Hereditary ovalocytosis and hemoglobin E-ovalocytosis in Malayan aborigines. Nature 208: 1329 — subjects were unspecified, but most were Semai.
1022. ——. 1969. Distribution of genetic red cell defects in Southeast Asia. Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 63: 664–674 — discusses genetic red-cell variants and malarial history in W. Malaysians.
1023. ——. 1976. “Genetic relationships of several aboriginal groups in South East Asia”. Pp. 277–306 in The origin of the Australians. Ed. R. Kirk and A. Thorne. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies — contains some data not available elsewhere, e.g., monomorphism of lactate dehydrogenase, phisohexose isomerase, catalase, and carbonic anhydrase in Orang Asli.
1021. LIE-INJO, L. E., and J. CHIN. 1964. Abnormal hemoglobins and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in Malayan aborigines. Nature 204: 291–292 — on Jah Het, Lanoh, Jakun, Semai, Semelai, Temiar, Temuan. The seminal report on the genetic makeup of Orang Asli. G6PD and haemoglobin were studied for various groups (N from 1 to 181).
1022. LIE-INJO, L. E., and J. GANESAN. 1977. Biochemical genetic characteristics of Malaysians. MNJ 35: 165–171 — each racial group studied, Chinese, Indians, Malays, Semai and Temuan, has its own characteristics for the distribution of biochemical genetic traits. [RKL #1691]
1023. LIE-INJO, L. E., and Q. B. WELCH. 1972. Electrophoretic variants of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGD) and phosphohexose isomerase (PHI) in different racial groups in Malaysia. Human Heredity 22: 338–343 — on Temuan and Semai genetics.
1024. LIE-INJO, L. E., et al..1967. Haptoglobins, transferrins and serum gamma-globulin types in Malayan aborigines. Nature 215: 777 — genetics of a mixture of groups [with J. Malcolm BOLTON, and H. FUDENBERG].
1025. ——. 1971. Unusual albumin variants in Indonesians and Malayan aborigines. Human Heredity 21: 376–383 — found two “Gombak” variants in a sample of 165 Orang Asli, but the study by Baer et al., #1044, found no variants in a sample of 189 Temuan [with L. R. WEITKAMP, E. N. KOSASIH, C. L. MOORE, and J. Malcolm BOLTON]. [ASB]
1026. ——. 1972. Haemoglobin E-hereditary elliptocytosis in Malayan aborigines. Acta Haematologica (Basel) 47: 210–216 — genetics of a medley of Orang Asli, but mainly Semai [with Alan G. FIX, J. Malcolm BOLTON, and R. H. GILMAN].
1027. ——. 1973. Hemoglobin Constant Spring (slow-moving hemoglobin X components) and hemoglobin E in Malayan aborigines. Am. J. H. Gen.25: 382–387 — on Temuan and Jakun.
1028. ——. 1975. “The clinical, hematological, and biochemical expression of hemoglobin Constant Spring and its distribution”. Pp. 275–291 in Abnormal hemoglobins and thalassemia-diagnostic aspects. New York: Academic Press — on Semai, Temiar, Temuan, Jakun [with J. GANESAN, and C. LOPEZ].
1029. LIM, E. S. 1992. Current status of malaria in Malaysia. SEA J. Trop. Med. Publ. Health 23 (Suppl. 4): 43–49 — reports on Orang Asli in general.
1030. LIM Ee Hsia. 2000. Penilaian taraf pemakanan warga remaja Semelai di Kampung Sungei Sampo, Jempol [=Nutritional status of Semelai teenagers]. B.Sc. Grad. Ex., Department of Nutrition and Health Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang — rare study of this age group.
1031. LIM Hwei Mian. 1997. Nutritional status and reproductive health of Orang Asli women. B.Sc. (Human Development) thesis, Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia — studied 34 reproductive-age Jakun women in Sg. Soi and Batu 15 villages in Pahang; on average, they showed significant nutritional deficits in calories, thiamine, vitamin A, riboflavin, and, most of all, iron.
1032. LIM Hwei Mian, and CHEE Heng Leng. 1998. Nutritional status and reproductive health of Orang Asli women in two villages in Kuantan, Pahang. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition 4: 31–54 — on Jakun; a vanguard study of Orang Asli reproductive health.
1033. LIM, K. G. 1993. A review of disease in Malaysia. Petaling Jaya, Selangor: Pelanduk — Orang Asli receive minor mention.
1034. LIVINGSTONE, F. 1985. Frequencies of hemoglobin variants: thalassemia, the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, G6PD variants, and ovalocytosis in human populations. New York: OUP — thorough review of genetic red-cell variants relevant to malarial resistance in humans; includes data from Orang Asli groups studied before 1985.
1035. LOKMAN Abd. Rahman. 1995. Masalah kesihatan masyarakat Orang Asli di Malaysia [Health problems of Orang Asli societies in Malaysia]. M.Pub.Health thesis, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.
1036. LOKMAN, M. N., and Z. BAHARUDDIN. 1996. Tuberculin sensitivity in Malaysian children: Lessons from the Orang Asli. Malaysian Medical Sciences 3(1), supplement: 51 — on Temiar of Legap.
1037. LOOI, L. M., and K. PRATHAP. 1979. Amyloidosis in Malayan aborigines (Orang Asli). Pathology 11(4): 575–582 — nine of 334 autopsied Orang Asli had amyloidosis. Unclear if lead author = LAI Meng Looi.
1038. LOW Ai Choo. 2000. Penilaian taraf pemakanan warga tua Semelai di Kampung Sungei Sampo, Jempol [=Assessment of the nutrition of Semelai elders]. B.Sc. Grad. Ex., Department of Nutrition and Health Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang — may be the first ever report on this age group for Orang Asli.
1039. LUGG, J. 1957. Taste thresholds for phenylthiocarbamide of some population groups; II: The thresholds of two uncivilized ethnic groups living in Malaya. Ann. H. Gen. 21: 244–253 — studied 50 Kintaq Bong and 50 Semai persons. 18 per cent of the former and four per cent of the latter were nontasters. See also PTC data in #1044.
1040. MACLEAN, J., and K. R. KAMATH. 1970. Infantile scurvy in Malaysia. Med. J. Mal. 24: 200–207 — small sample: four Orang Asli children in Gombak; ethnic group unidentified.
1041. MAK, J. W. 1978. Studies on filariasis amongst Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia with special reference to chemotherapy. M.D. thesis, National University of Singapore, Singapore — study done in Gombak Hospital. In this sample size of 2645, only 27 were “Negritos” (group not identified). The microfilarial rate was 6.3 per cent (no sex difference); the rate increased with age, stabilizing in the late teenage years. Six per cent of all tested had malarial parasites.
1042. ——. 1986. Problems in filariasis control and the need for human behavior and socioeconomic research. SEA J. Trop. Med. Publ. Health 17: 3479–3485.
1043. ——. 1988. Review of seroepidemiological tools for control program of parasitic diseases in Malaysia. Trop. Biomed. 5 (suppl. 1): 28–32 — on Semai of U. Jelai and Betau. Malarial parasitemia rates were high, higher at Betau, which showed a 62 per cent rate in the 0 to nine age group.
1044. ——. 1992. Medical research in Malaysia: Parasitic diseases. Pp. 29–69 in Proceedings of the 90th Anniversary Scientific Seminar: Health Research, organized by Institute for Medical Research, Kuala Lumpur — on malaria and filariasis. Concludes that while medical research on Orang Asli has been diligent, it has not translated well into public health services. On Temuan, Temiar, Jahai, Batek, Semai, Semelai, and unidentified groups from Johor.
1045. ——. 1994. Current malaria research activities in Malaysia. Journal of Bioscience (Malaysia) 5(1 & 2): 73–79 — notes that, for 1991–1992, half the reported malarial infections in W. Malaysia were in the Orang Asli; provides parasitemia data for the Semai of Betau.
1046. MAK, J. W., et al. 1982. Studies on the epidemiology of subperiodic Brugia malayi in Malaysia. Acta Tropica 39: 237–245 — on filariasis in Temuan of Sg. Lui.
1047. ——. 1987. Parasitological and serological surveys for malaria among the inhabitants of an aborigine village and an adjacent Malay village. Acta Tropica 44: 83–89 — on Temuan of Sg. Lui.
1048. ——. 1992. Epidemiology and control of malaria in Malaysia. SEA J. Trop. Med. Publ. Health 23(4): 572–577 — a review.
1049. MAK, J. W., ed. 1983. Filariasis. Kuala Lumpur: Bulletin no. 19, Institute for Medical Research — with information on Orang Asli and others in Peninsular Malaysia and a map of filariasis, which updates that published in #1318.
1050. MARZHUKI, M., A. THAM, and S. POOVANESWARI. 1993. Current status of filariasis in Malaysia. SEA J. Trop. Med. Publ. Health 24 (Suppl. 2): 10–14 — includes surveys of Orang Asli areas (as maps show), but has no group-by-group discussion.
1051. MASSITA Mohd. Sin. 1992. Penilaian taraf pemakanan kanak-kanak Orang Asli di Rancangan Pengumpulan Semula (RPS), Betau, Pahang. B.Sc. thesis, Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Pertanian Malaysia, Serdang — among 129 Semai children aged eight or younger, more than a third were underweight or stunted; energy nutrition averaged only 77 per cent of the recommended daily allowance. [Chee #1065]
1052. MCLEOD, F. 1971. Midwifery among the aborigines. Nursing Mirror News 132(11): 28–31 — an outstanding report on the usefulness of Orang Asli midwives.
1053. MELTON, T., et al. 1995. Polynesian genetic affinities with Southeast Asian populations as identified by mtDNA analysis. Am. J. H. Gen. 57: 403–414 — on Semai.
1054. MOHANDAS, N., et al. 1984. Rigid membranes of Malayan ovalocytes: A likely genetic barrier against malaria. Blood 63: 1385–1392.
1055. MOHD. FAIZAL b. Mohd. Anwar. 1999. Assessment of the nutritional status of Semelai children in Kampung Sungei Lui, Jempol, Negeri Sembilan. B.Med.Sci. thesis, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang.
1056. MOHD. KAMEL, A., KASSIM Mohd. Sham, and K. P. LAI. 1994. “Parasitic infections among Orang Asli community in Pangsun, Hulu Langat”. Pp. 46–47 in Annual report. Kuala Lumpur: Institute for Medical Research — found 82 per cent of the Temuan studied had helminthic or protozoan infections, confirming a long-standing problem for Orang Asli.
1057. MONA ZARIA bt. Nasaruddin. 1998. Assessment of the nutritional status of Semelai children in Kampung Sungai Sampo, Negri Sembilan. B.Med.Sci. thesis, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang.
1058. MOORHOUSE, D. 1965. Some entomological aspects of the malaria eradication pilot project in Malaya. Journal of Medical Entomology 2(2): 109–119 — on Selangor Temuan at Klubi, Bkt. Legong, Bkt. Manchong, Mandul, and U. Lui.
1059. MORLEY, David C. 1949. Some notes on the health of the Semelai in southern Pahang. Pp. 133–134 in #201 — early notes on Semelai health. About 200 people were studied after a food emergency occurred.
1060. MOURANT, A., A. KOPEC, and K. DOMANIEWSKA-SOBCZAK. 1976. The distribution of the human blood groups and other polymorphisms. 2nd ed. New York: OUP — world survey containing data on Orang Asli groups studied before 1976.
1061. MURUGASU, R., F. WANG, and A. S. DISSANAIKE. 1978. Schistosoma Japonicum-type infection in Malaysia-report of the first living case. Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 72: 389–391 — on an Orang Asli tuberculosis patient who had a rare form of schistosomiasis.
1062. MUUL, I., LIM Boo Liat, and J. WALKER. 1977. Scrub typhus infection in rats in four habitats in Peninsular Malaysia. Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 71(6): 493–497 — on Temuan of Bkt. Lanjan.

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